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農業農村部答復西遼河流域“山水林田湖草沙”生態保護修復上升為國家戰略的提案

2022-08-26 10:53:59來源:農業農村部 閱讀量:12264

導讀:近日,農業農村部從推進農業節水、適當調整優化糧食生產功能區和重要農產品生產保護區范圍、關于引導農民調整優化種植結構方面回應關于西遼河流域“山水林田湖草沙”生態保護修復上升為國家戰略的提案。
  2022年8月16日,農業農村部發布《關于政協第十三屆全國委員會第五次會議 第02909號(資源環境類235號)提案答復摘要》,對胡達古拉委員提出的關于西遼河流域“山水林田湖草沙”生態保護修復上升為國家戰略的提案進行答復。
 
  關于西遼河流域“山水林田湖草沙”生態保護修復上升為國家戰略的提案收悉。現就涉及我部職能的部分答復如下:
 
  一、關于推進農業節水
 
  近年來,農業農村部認真貫徹落實中央關于發展節水農業的決策部署,堅持以水定地、量水而行,加大工作力度,強化指導服務,因地制宜推進農業節水。一是推進工程節水。支持河北、內蒙古、遼寧和吉林等四省(自治區)加強高標準農田建設,發展高效節水灌溉,有力改善了農田水利基礎設施條件,提高了灌溉用水效率,促進水土資源可持續發展。二是推進農藝節水。結合實施旱作農業技術推廣項目,在西北、華北干旱半干旱地區推廣地膜覆蓋保墑、水肥一體化、集雨補灌、保水劑等旱作節水技術。三是推進品種節水。加大育種攻關力度,支持河北、內蒙古選育推廣一批節水抗旱的小麥、玉米品種。印發《關于北方農牧交錯帶農業結構調整的指導意見》,不斷優化種植結構,擴大低耗水作物種植,在地下水超采區適度壓減高耗水作物種植,嚴禁發展井灌水稻,因地制宜發展旱作水稻。四是推進管理節水落實最嚴格水資源管理制度,在高效節水灌溉區推行“總量控制、定額管理、階梯水價、節獎超罰”的用水管理模式,逐步推行“一井一表、一戶一卡”的計量模式,用精準的用水補貼和節獎超罰實現管理節水。
 
  下一步,我部將會同有關部門推進農業節水,繼續強化措施、加大力度,圍繞蓄水、保墑、集雨、節灌、抗旱五大環節,加強節水設施建設,集成推廣旱作節水農業新技術、新產品、新模式,強化農業用水管理,推動西遼河流域節水農業發展。
 
  二、關于適當調整優化糧食生產功能區和重要農產品生產保護區范圍
 
  近年來,農業農村部會同有關部門強化工作指導,加大資金投入,統籌推進糧食生產功能區和重要農產品生產保護區(以下簡稱“兩區”)劃、建、管各項工作。一是劃定“兩區”面積。2017年,國務院印發《關于建立糧食生產功能區和重要農產品生產保護區的指導意見》。按照文件要求,我部會同有關部門根據“兩區”劃定總規模,以及內蒙古自治區耕地總面積及劃定永久基本農田保護面積、糧食和重要農產品種植用地面積等因素,確定全區糧食生產功能區劃定任務、重要農產品生產保護區劃定任務,均已全部劃定完成。二是加強“兩區”生產建設。2017年,國務院印發《關于建立糧食生產功能區和重要農產品生產保護區的指導意見》,提出要大力推進“兩區”建設,推動相關資金項目向“兩區”傾斜,優先支持“兩區”建設高標準農田,提升“兩區”綜合生產能力。三是加強“兩區”種植監管。2020年,國務院辦公廳印發《關于防止耕地“非糧化”穩定糧食生產的意見》,提出要加強糧食生產功能區監管,引導作物一年兩熟以上的糧食生產功能區至少生產一季糧食,種植非糧作物的要在一季后能夠恢復糧食生產。不得擅自調整糧食生產功能區,不得違規在糧食生產功能區內建設種植和養殖設施,不得違規將糧食生產功能區納入退耕還林還草范圍,不得在糧食生產功能區內超標準建設農田林網。
 
  下一步,我部將銜接第三次全國國土調查成果,結合全國永久基本農田核實整改補足工作,調整優化“兩區”布局。同時,加大“兩區”政策扶持力度,推動高標準農田、農業社會化服務等政策向“兩區”集中,強化耕地種植用途管控,引導“兩區”主要種植目標作物,提升“兩區”綜合生產能力。
 
  三、關于引導農民調整優化種植結構
 
  近年來,農業農村部會同有關部門加大補貼力度,扎實推進種植結構調整,引導河北、內蒙古、遼寧和吉林四省(自治區)壓減農業灌溉用地下水。一是開展耕地輪作休耕。啟動實施耕地輪作休耕制度試點工作。二是實施糧改飼。2015年以來,會同財政部安排中央財政資金,在河北、內蒙古、遼寧和吉林四省(自治區)實施糧改飼項目,對收儲優質飼草的牛羊養殖場(戶)和飼草專業化服務組織予以補助,通過以養帶種的方式加快推動種植結構調整和現代飼草產業發展。三是推進退耕還林還草。加大退耕還林還草力度,支持河北、內蒙古、遼寧和吉林四省(自治區)推進輪作休耕,有力促進了生態改善、農民增收、農業增效和農村發展。
 
  下一步,我部將會同有關部門強化政策扶持,加大工作力度,推動西遼河流域調整種植結構,壓減農業灌溉用地下水量,緩解水糧矛盾。一是完善耕地輪作休耕制度。指導建立科學輪作體系,健全耕地輪作休耕工作機制,實現生產生態相協調。二是穩步推進飼草產業發展。加大補貼力度,扶持青貯玉米等優質飼草生產,推動種養一體化發展。三是持續改善生態環境。深入實施退耕還林、退牧還草、三北防護林等重大工程,鼓勵種植防風固沙、涵養水分、保護耕作層的植物,推進“山水林田湖草沙”綜合治理。
 
  感謝您對我部工作的關心,希望繼續對三農工作給予支持。
 
  農業農村部
 
  2022年8月10日
 
  原標題:關于政協第十三屆全國委員會第五次會議 第02909號(資源環境類235號)提案答復摘要

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